Ghar-e-Hira history holds a lot of significance in Islam. Ghar-e-Hira is three kilometers away from the northeast of the city of Makkah. It is situated on the Mountain called Jabal-Al-Noor which is located on the way to Mina near Makkah. There is nothing on the mountain except the un-grown thorny bushes. The peak of mountain is also straight and slippery. It is opposite to the famous mountain of Jabal-al-Shabeer. The cave is about 3.6 m long and 1.60 m wide. Before prophecy, the Holy prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) used to worship Allah here for days and nights. The first revelation was also sent upon him in the cave of Hira that was:
“READ! (O’ PROPHET) IN THE NAME OF YOUR ALLAH WHO CREATED MAN WITH A PIECE OF CLOTTED BLOOD. READ! AND YOUR GOD IS VERY GRACIOUS WHO HAS TAUGHT MAN KNOWLEDGE WITH THE PEN. THE KNOWLEDGE THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY UNKNOWN TO HIM.”
It was 27th of Ramadan and Prophet (P.B.U.M) was forty years of age when the first revelation was sent to him. It was the era when Makkah was suffering from darkness of ignorance and illegalization. There was no respect for the poor and slaves. Women, on the other hand, were treated in the most terrible manner. With the start of Islam from Ghar-e-Hira, all bad norms started to eliminate from the world. Islam showed the ways for living a peaceful and happier life. According to Ibn-e-Hazam, Prophet (P.B.U.H) used to go there at the will of Allah because there was no one to whom you (P.B.U.H) could have followed going to the cave of Hira. At present people who go to Makkah for the pilgrimage, visit the Cave of Hira whereas, it is not a necessary part of pilgrimage. People love to go to this place only for the curiosity to see the place where their beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) used to worship Allah. During pilgrimage, about 5000 people climb to the mountain daily to see Ghar-e-Hira. Before this revelation, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) was a trader by profession and he already proved himself to be the honest, pious and a sacred personality. People know him from the name of “Amin” and used to keep their secret things with Holy Prophet (S.A.W). The entire life of our beloved prophet is the symbol of peace and a great model for all of us to follow. All the solution of our problems are vested with the teachings of Islam which started from the Cave of Hira.
THE CAVE OF HIRA, THE PLACE OF THE FIRST REVELATION OF THE HOLY QUR’AN